Small interfering RNA or siRNA are a class of double-stranded RNA molecules, 20-25 base pairs in length. Synthetic siRNA’s are producedansfected into the cell either by polymer based transfection reagents, by cationic lipid or by electroporation i.e. physical delivery of siRNA through plasma membrane holes made by chemical modification or electrical field.
siRNA are widely used to assess the individual contributions of genes to an assortment of cellular phenotypes like cell differentiation, insulin signaling, cytokinesis and apoptosis. Small interfering RNA is a powerful tool for modulating gene expression by RNA interference.
Synthetic siRNA Market: Dynamics
If compared to antibody-based drugs and small molecule drugs, the chief advantages of siRNA are the specificity determined by principles of complementary base pairing and ive due to rapid developments happening in whole-genome sequencing and molecular biology. Also, comprehensive nucleotide sequence databases have been established, including cDNA databases, disease gene databases, and human genomic databases laying a solid foundation for siRNA drug development.
The basic strategy of a siRNA drug is to treat the disease by silencing the specific disease-promoting gene with wisely designed synthetic siRNA.path of clinical use. siRNA are unstable under physiological conditions. When siRNA traffics through the blood, it is easily digested by nucleases in the serum. Selecting appropriate siRNA is more complicated than choosing a code complementary to the sequence of the RNA to be silenced. This is because siRNA can sometimes silence multiple genes and its effects can often be unpredictable. In order to address this challenge, oinformatics tools to screen siRNA are developed by reagent vendors.
Synthetic siRNA Market: Segmentation
On the basis of tools and products used to release siRNA applications, the synthetic siRNA
On the basis of therapeutic application, the synthetic siRNA market can be segmented into:
- HIV infection
For synthetic siRNA experiments, controls are an essential part. There are three types of controls used in siRNA experiments, i.e. untreated control, negative control and positive control. The untreated control creates a useful baseline reference for gene expression and cell phenotypes levels. Negative controls help to separate sequence-specific effects from experimental conditions of cellular responses. The positive control ensures that the delivery method used is sufficient
Synthetic siRNA Market: Region-wise Outlook
Regionally, North America represents the largest market for synthetic siRNA followed by Europe. Europe is the second largest as well as the fastest growing market for synthetic siRNA. siRNA reagents are expected to constitute the largest area of RNAi application and synthesis of synthetic siRNA is anticipated to emerge as the fastest growing application field. The discovery of siRNA's has opened new avenues for therapeutic drug development. Many diseases caused by the inappropriate activity of specific genes and the ability to silence such genes selectively using synthetic siRNA’s
Synthetic siRNA Market: Key Players
The keyAmbion, B-Bridge, Bioneer, Dharmacon (ThermoFisher), Invitrogen, Integrated DNA Technologies, MWG Biotech, OligoEngine, Proligo (Sigma) and Qiagen.
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